MilkStory: Nestle Tops Milkybar & Amul Gets White Card Entry

Facts Feature Facts Feature Story

GCMMF (Amul) becomes first Indian dairy company to be in Rabobank’s Global Top 20 list and gets an entry at No.16 into the Rabobank’s Global Top 20 Dairy Companies list 2020. Rabobank, headquartered in Utrecht, Netherlands, is a global financial services provider that focuses on the food, beverage, and agribusiness sectors. According to the list, Switzerland’s Nestle topped the list with a turnover of US $22.1 billion, followed by France’s Lactalis with US $ 21 billion turnover. Amul(GCMMF) has achieved an annual turnover of $5.5 billion and enters the Rabobank’s Global Top 20 Dairy Companies list for the first time at No.16. Currently, India is the world’s largest milk producer. There are 16 milk-producing dairy cooperative societies in India including Amul(GCMMF).

Global Dairy Top 5 2020 by Rabobank

NoCompanyCountry of HQ
3Dairy Farmers of AmericaUSA
Global Dairy Top 5 2020 by Rabobank

Amul’s Milk Story

India has the largest cattle and buffalo population in the world. More than 67% of dairy animals are owned by marginal and small farmers, which constitute the core milk-production sector in the country. Dairying contributes to a third of the gross income of the rural households of India.

Amul spurred India’s White Revolution, which made the country the world’s largest producer of milk and milk products. Amul was spearheaded by Tribhuvandas Patel under the guidance of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. As a result, Kaira District Milk Union Limited was born in 1946 (later renamed to Amul). Tribhuvandas became the founding chairman of the organization and led it until his retirement in 70s. He hired Dr. Verghese Kurien in 1949. He convinced Dr. Kurien to stay and help with the mission.

Dr. Verghese worked towards bringing a White Revolution in India and executed the much needed programme of “Operation Flood”. Under his inspiring leadership many important institutions were established namely the Amul (GCMMF (Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd)) and NDDB (National Dairy Development board which played a significant role in shaping the Dairy Cooperative movement across the country and led the replication of Amul model of cooperative dairy practiced all over the country. Dr. Verghese, “Father of the White Revolution” or “Milkman of India”, had won many accolades such as the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership (1963), Padma Shri (1965), Padma Bhushan (1966), Krishi Ratna Award (1986), World Food prize (1989), Order of Agricultural Merit (1997), Padma Vibhushan (1999) and several other awards.

Top Milk Producing States In India for Year (2018-19)

Top 15 State-wise estimates of Milk Production (‘000 tonnes) for Year (2018-19)

NoState Milk Production (‘000 tonnes) in Year(2018-19)
1Uttar Pradesh30519
3Madhya Pradesh15911
4Andhra Pradesh15044
10Tamil Nadu8362
12West Bengal5607
Data Source : National Dairy Development Board

World Milk Fatcs

The global dairy market was valued at $673.8 billion in 2019 and was projected to grow to $1032.7 billion U.S. dollars by 2024.

Global milk production in 2019 reached 852 million tonnes, an increase of 1.4 percent from 2018.

India is the world’s largest milk producer, with 22% of global production, followed by the USA, China, Pakistan and Brazil.

The highest milk surpluses country is New Zealand.

The highest milk deficits country is China.

India enters into top 5 largest butter exports countries in 2019 by growing exports up 47.4% compared to the last year. Of course, thanks to Amul. Amul is the world’s biggest vegetarian cheese brand.

Top 10 Milk Producing Countries In The World 2020

RankCountry2019 Production (million tonnes)
9New Zealand21.79
Source: FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)